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As a toddler’s physical growth rate slows as they develop physical, cognitive, and emotional skills that help them become more independent. Much of the toddler’s behavior is a replication of what they see and hear (Hisley, 2015). They love to imitate the people around them and learn through repetition. A toddler typically likes order and frequently respond with difficulty to any disruption in routine. The level of response is associated to the temperament of the child (Hisley, 2015). Some toddlers may revolt with temper tantrums while others will calmly transition into an experience. Regardless of temperament, most children at this stage respond positively to predictable routines. The toddler’s taste buds are evolving and changing. It is important to make sure they get the appropriate nutrition needed and keep them well hydrated. Barriers can be resolved by allowing the toddler to self-feed and use a cup at mealtimes. Other options might also include allowing the child to make food choices, provide finger foods, and provide two to three healthy snacks per day (Hisley, 2015).
One of the most important self-hygiene tasks that toddler needs to understand is hand washing. They should be taught in an understandable way how germs are spread, and how hand washing kills germs. They should also understand how and when to wash their hands and encourage them to practice this skill often (Oswalt et. al, n.d.). Toddlers need plenty of exercise to keep their bodies and minds healthy and happy. Daily physical activity is essential for building strong bones and muscles as well as strengthening hearts and lungs. Exercise also helps to improve their gross motor skills, including running, kicking, throwing, and swinging (Oswalt et. al, n.d.). Regular physical activity can greatly decrease children’s risk of becoming obese and developing associated health problems and can also promote better sleep.
A healthy diet and physical activity are not the only thing that will help a child continue to grow and develop physically, mentally, and socially (Oswalt et. al, n.d.). They also need adequate amounts of sleep to allow their bodies time to recharge however, getting them to want to go to sleep is not always an easy task. A well-planned bedtime routine can help prepare the child mentally and physically to move from their active, exciting daytime adventures to quiet, nighttime sleep (Oswalt et. al, n.d.). Consistency is the most important part of a planned bedtime routine.